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Published Research Funded by the Vertebrate Pest Control Research Advisory Committee

  

1996

Baroch, J. A.  1996.  Field efficacy of diphacinone grain baits used to control the California ground squirrel.  Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference 17:127–132.

1998

Baroch, J.  1998.  An overview of recent ground squirrel bait registration research supported by the California bait surcharge program.  Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference 18:166–170.

Hueth, B., D. Cohen, D. Zilberman.  1998.  Non-predator vertebrate pest damage in California agriculture: An assessment of economic impacts in selected crops.  Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference 18:371–377.

Sterner, R. T.  1998.  The bait surcharge program: research improves zinc phosphide use for vole control in alfalfa.  Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference 18:176–180.

Whisson, D. A.  1998.  Modified bait stations for California ground squirrel control in endangered kangaroo rat habitat.  Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference 18:233–235.

2000

Gorenzel, W. P., T. P. Salmon, and A. C. Crabb.  2000.  A national review of the status of trapping for bird control.  Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference 19:5–21.

Pearson, A. B., W. P. Gorenzel, and T. P. Salmon.  2000.  Lesser-known vertebrate pests of almonds in California.  Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference 19:365–376

Salmon, T. P., D. A. Whisson, and W. P. Gorenzel.  2000.  Use of zinc phosphide for California ground squirrel control.  Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference 19:346–357.3579_001.pdf

Whisson, D. A., T. P. Salmon, and W. P. Gorenzel. 2000.  Reduced risk anticoagulant baiting strategies for California ground squirrels.  Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference 19:362–364.

2002

Gorenzel, W. P., T. P. Salmon, A. B. Pearson, and S. R. Ryan.  2002.  Sound levels of broadcast calls and responses by American crows.  Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference 20:103–109.

Whisson, D. A., and T. P. Salmon.  2002.  Effect of diphacinone on blood coagulation in Spermophilus beecheyi as a basis for determining optimal timing of field bait applications.  Pest Management Science 58:736–738. 

Whisson, D. A., and T. P. Salmon.  2002.  Effect of the timing of applications and amount of 0.01% diphacinone consumed on mortality of California ground squirrels (Spermophilus beecheyi).  Crop Protection 21:885–889. 

2004

Timm, R. M., D. L. Schnabel, T. P. Salmon, W. P. Gorenzel, N. Dechoretz, M. Meyers.  2004.  California's rodenticide surcharge program: history and accomplishments.  Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference 21:350–356.

2006

Ellis, T., T. P. Salmon, and C. Wilen.  2006.  Evaluation of irrigation valve boxes as underground bait stations for California ground squirrel control.  Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference 22: 148–150.

Kowalski, V. J., R. Long, J. Sullins, S. Garcia, and T. P. Salmon.  2006.  Grower evaluation of California ground squirrel (Spermophilus beecheyi) control using anticoagulant baits.  Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference 22:142–147.

Salmon, T. P., and N. A. Dochtermann.  2006.  Rodenticide grain bait ingredient acceptance by Norway rats (Rattus norvegicus), California ground squirrels (Spermophilus beecheyi) and pocket gophers (Thomomys bottae).  Pest Management Science 62:678–683.

Salmon, T. P., and S. J. Lawrence.  2006.  Anticoagulant resistance in meadow voles (Microtus californicus).  Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference 22:156–160.

Salmon, T. P., and S. J. Lawrence.  2006.  Zinc phosphide-treated bracts as an alternative rodenticide in artichoke fields for meadow vole (Microtus californicus) control.  Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference 22:161–165.

Shwiff, S. A., R. T. Sterner, K. N. Kirkpatrick, R. M. Engeman, and C. C. Coolahan.  2006.  Benefits and costs associated with wildlife services activities in California.  Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conferences 22:356–360.

2007 

Salmon, T. P., D. A. Whisson, A. R. Berentsen, and W. P. Gorenzel.  2007.  Comparison of 0.005% and 0.01% diphacinone and chlorophacinone baits for controlling California ground squirrels (Spermophilus beecheyi).  Wildlife Research 34:14–18. 

2008

Salmon, T. P.  2008.  Rodents, rodent control, and food safety.  Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference 23:16–19.

Salmon, T. P., B. Faber, G. Bender, D. Shaw, V. J. Kowalski, A. Berentsen.  2008.  Volunteer researchers:  moving beyond cooperators.  Journal of Extension 46 Article 2FEA7.  Available at: http://www.joe.org/joe/2008april/a7p.shtml

2009

Whisson, D. A., and T. P. Salmon.  2009.  Assessing the effectiveness of bait stations for controlling California ground squirrels (Spermophilus beecheyi).  Crop Protection 28:690–695.

2010

Coates, R. W., M. J. Delwiche, W. P. Gorenzel, and T. P. Salmon.  2010.  Evaluation of damage by vertebrate pests in California vineyards and control of wild turkeys by bioacoustics.  Human-Wildlife Interactions 4:130–144.

Hornbaker, V., and R. A. Baldwin.  2010.  Impact on vertebrate IPM practices from EPA's rodenticide risk mitigation decision. Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference 24:191–194.

Krason, R. S., L. L. Lima, and T. P. Salmon.  2010.  Vertebrate pest conference education and outreach for dealing with California wildlife pests.  Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference 24:356–360.

Lima, L. L., and T. P. Salmon.  2010.  Assessing some potential environmental impacts from agricultural anticoagulant uses. Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference 24:199–203.

Newman, P., and T. P. Salmon.  2010.  Ground squirrel control training and certification using an interactive computer kiosk system.  Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference 24:365–370.

Salmon, T. P., and P. D. Newman.  2010.  Efficacy of oat and pellet anticoagulant baits following treatment with oat and pellet zinc phosphide baits: Implications for secondary hazard management.  Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference 24:186–190.

2011

Gebhardt, K., A. M. Anderson, K. N. Kirkpatrick, and S. A. Shwiff.  2011.  A review and synthesis of bird and rodent damage estimates to select California crops.  Crop Protection 30:1109–1116.

Rattner, B. A., K. E. Horak, S. E. Warner, D. D. Day, C. U. Meteyer, S. F. Volker, J. D. Eisemann, and J. J. Johnston.  2011.  Acute toxicity, histopathology, and coagulopathy in American kestrels (Falco sparverius) following administration of the rodenticide diphacinone.  Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 30:1213–1222. 

2012

Anderson, A., K. Kirkpatrick, and S. A. Shwiff.  2012.  The net benefits of controlling bird and rodent pests in wine grape and avocado production.  Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference 25:353–356.

Baldwin, R. A. 2012.  The importance of aluminum phosphide for burrowing pest control in California.  Proceedings for the Vertebrate Pest Conference 25:151–159. 

Hornbaker, V. L., R. A. Baldwin, and S. N. Richards.  2012.  Fiscal impact of the Rodenticide Risk Mitigation Decision to the California Department of Food and Agriculture's rodenticide research program.  Proceedings of the Verebrate Pest Conference 25:164–168. 

Rattner, B. A., K. E. Horak, R. S. Lazarus, K. M. Eisenreich, C. U. Meteyer, S. F. Volker, C. M. Campton, J. D. Eisemann, and J. J. Johnston.  2012.  Assessment of toxicity and potential risk of the anticoagulant rodenticide diphacinone using Eastern screech-owls (Megascops asio).  Ecotoxicology 21:832–846. 

Rattner, B. A., R. S. Lazarus, K. M. Eisenreich, K. E. Horak, S. F. Volker, C. M. Campton, J. D. Eisemann, C. U. Meteyer, and J. J. Johnston.  2012.  Comparative risk assessment of the first-generation anticoagulant rodenticide diphacinone to raptors.  Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference 25:124–130.

2013

Baldwin, R. A., T. P. Salmon, R. H. Schmidt, and R. M. Timm.  2013. Wildlife pests of California agriculture: regional variabiity and subsequent impacts on management.  Crop Protection 46:29–37.

Witmer, G., K. Horak, R. Moulton, and R. A. Baldwin.  2013.  New rodenticides: an update on recent research trials.  Proceedings of the Wildlife Damage Management Conference 15:79–85.

Witmer, G. W., N. P. Snow, and R. S. Moulton.  2013.  The effects of vitamin K1-rich plant foods on the efficacy of the anticoagulant rodenticides chlorophacinone and diphacinone used against Montane voles (Microtus montanus).  International Journal of Pest Management 59:205–210.

2014

Baldwin, R. A., N. Quinn, D. H. Davis, and R. M. Engeman.  2014.
Effectiveness of rodenticides for managing invasive roof rats and native deer mice in orchards.  Environmental Science and Pollution Research 21:5795–5802.

Baldwin, R. A., T. P. Salmon, R. H. Schmidt, and R. M. Timm.  2014.  Perceived damage and areas of needed research for wildlife pests of California agriculture.  Integrative Zoology 9:265–279. 

Rattner, B. A., K. E. Horak, R. S. Lazarus, D. A. Goldade, and J. J. Johnston.  2014.  Toxicants and coagulopathy threshold of the rodenticide diphacinone in Eastern screech-owls (Megascops asio). Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 33:74–81.

Witmer, G., R. Moulton, and R. A. Baldwin.  2014.  An efficacy test of cholecalciferol plus diphacinone rodenticide baits for California voles (Microtus californicus Peale) to replace ineffective chlorophacinone baits.  International Journal of Pest Management 60:275–278.

2015

Baldwin, R.A., R. Meinerz, H. Jantz, and G. Witmer. 2015. Impact of capture and transportation methods on survival of small rodents during relocation events.  The Southwestern Naturalist 60(4): 385-389.

Horak, K. E., S. F. Volker, C. M. Campton. 2015. Increased diphacinone and chlorophacinone metabolism in previously exposed wild caught voles, Microtus californicus. Crop Protection 78: 35-39.

2016

Baldwin, R. A., R. Meinerz, and G. Witmer. 2016. Cholecalciferol plus diphacinone baits for vole control: a novel approach to a historic problem. Journal of Pest Science 89:129-135.

Engeman, R. M., R. Baldwin, and D. Stetson. Guiding the management of an agricultural pest: Indexing abundance of California meadow voles in artichoke fields. Crop Protection 88: 53-57.

Werner, S. J., S. T. DeLiberto, R. A. Baldwin, and G. W. Witmer.  2016.  Repellent application strategy for wild rodents and cottontail rabbits.  Applied Animal Behaviour Science 185:95–102.

2017

Baldwin, R. A., R. Meinerz, and G. W. Witmer.  2017.  Novel and current rodenticides for pocket gopher Thomomys spp. management in vineyards: what works?  Pest Management Science 73:118–122.

Witmer, G. W, R. A. Baldwin, and R. S. Moulton.  2017.  Identifying possible alternative rodenticide baits to replace strychnine baits for pocket gophers in California.  Crop Protection 92:203–206.

Research